Dynamics

Crescendo: gradually increase in volume
•Schuman: Chester Overture (ms. 166)
•Schuman: Chester Overture (ms. 208)
•Bennett: Suite of Old American Dances (movt. II ms. 61-65)
•Ticheli: Simple Gifts (movt. II: ms. 41)
•Holsinger: Havendance (ms. 170-178)
•Holst: Second Suite in F (movt. IV: 9 after F)

Crescendo decrescendo: gradual increase and decrease in volume
•Grainger: Children’s March (ms. 117)

Crescendo poco a poco:  gradually increase in volume little by little
•Holst: First Suite in Eb (movt. I: 9 after E)
•Reed: La Fiesta Mexicana (movt. III: 9 ms after 27)
•LaPlante: In the Forest of the King (ms. 95)
•Husa: Music for Prague 1968 (movt. I 3 after B)
•Husa: Music for Prague 1968 (movt. IV: S)

Decrescendo: gradual decrease in volume
•Schuman: Chester Overture (ms. 171)

Diminuendodiminish; gradually decrease volume
•Holst: First Suite in Eb (movt. I: 2 before C)
•Bennett: Suite of Old American Dances (movt. III: ms. 205)
•Reed: La Fiesta Mexicana (movt. I: 11 before 5)

Dynamic contrast: varied levels of volume
•Shostakovich: Folk Dances

Forte: strong (loud)
•Copland: An Outdoor Overture (ms. 76)

Forte piano: strong then gentle (loud then suddenly soft)
•Arnold/Johnstone: English Dances Set 1 (movt. IV: C)

Forte piano with crescendostrong then suddenly gentlewith a gradual increase in volume (loud then suddenly soft with a gradual increase in volume)

Fortissimo: very strong; very loud
•Holst: First Suite in Eb (D)
•Jacob: Music for a Festival (movt. 11: G)
•Arnold/Johnstone: English Dances Set 1 (movt. IV: G)

Fortississimo (fff): very, very strong; very, very loud
•Copland: Emblems (49)
•Holst: First Suite in Eb (movt. III: 46 after D)
•Husa: Music for Prague 1968 (movt. IV: 4 before V) (uses 32nd notes in faster sounding part)

Fortissississimo: (ffff)
•Holst:
Fisrt Suite in Eb (movt III end)

Mezzo forte: medium loud
•Grainger: Lincolnshire Posy (movt. I: ms. 1)
•Fillmore/arr. Foster: The Circus Bee (ms. 5)

Mezzo piano: medium soft
•Ticheli: Simple Gifts (movt. III)
•Bennet: Suite of Old American Dances (movt. II: ms. 65)
•Copland: An Outdoor Overture (ms. 110)

Morendo: dying away; decrease in volume
•Holst: First Suite in Eb (movt. II: last 7 measures)

Pianissimo: very gentle; very soft
•Holst: Hammersmith (beginning)
•Fillmore/arr. Foster: Circus Bee (ms. 59)

Pianississimo: very, very gentle; very, very soft
•Holst/Wright: A Moorside Suite (movt. II: ms. 27)

Piano: gentle; soft
•Holst: First Suite in Eb (movt. I)
•Schuman: Chester Overture for Band (ms. 1)

Poco a poco crescendo: little by little gradually get louder
•Bennet: Suite of Old American Dances (movt. III: ms. 213-223)

Subito: suddenly
•Bennett: Suite of Old American Dances (movt. II: ms. 65) (subito mp)
•Holsinger: Havendance (ms. 23)
•Copland: An Outdoor Overture (ms. 76) (occurs at 2:42) (sub. f)